Här är tre exempel på tidiga historier med telepati. Den första, från 1889, är ett perfekt exempel på vad vi letar efter. Det antederas av Jules Verne 1885 roman Mathias Sandorf som noteras i b_jonas svar ; Jag nämner det bara om det råder viss tvivel om det finns verklig telepati i Vernes roman. Det andra exemplet, från 1871, är inte ett giltigt svar på den aktuella frågan, eftersom telepaterna använder externa enheter (deras stavar), även om det behövs någon medfödd förmåga att hantera dem. Jag nämner det om det kan vara till nytta för någon som kommer över denna fråga i framtiden. Det tredje exemplet, från 1755, verkar vara giltigt; Telepati är emellertid inte ett huvudämne, i själva verket nämns knappt i denna utopiska historia. Alla tre exemplen hittades med hjälp av Science-fiction: Early Years av Everett F. Bleiler .
1889: "Till vem det här kommer" , en kort historia av Edward Bellamy , som ursprungligen publicerades på Harpers nya månatliga tidskrift , februari 1889, som är tillgängligt från Cornell University Library ; en återgivning av 1898 finns tillgänglig på Project Gutenberg . Här är Bleilers recension:
An island in the Indian Ocean. The protagonist is shipwrecked on an unknown island peopled by descendants of ancient Magi who were expelled from Asia. The unusual point about them is that they communicate by telepathy and that their vocal organs have almost completely atrophied. A few interpreters of mixed ancestry alone have partial power of speech.
Här är ett utdrag ur historien:
"It is you they understood, not your words," answered the interpreter. "Out speech now is gibberish to them, as unintelligible in itself as the growling of animals; but they know what we are saying because they know our thoughts. You must know that these are the islands of the mind-readers."
The novel centres on a young, independently wealthy traveller (the narrator), who accidentally finds his way into a subterranean world occupied by beings who seem to resemble angels and call themselves Vril-ya.
The hero soon discovers that the Vril-ya are descendants of an antediluvian civilization who live in networks of subterranean caverns linked by tunnels. It is a technologically supported Utopia, chief among their tools being the "all-permeating fluid" called "Vril", a latent source of energy that its spiritually elevated hosts are able to master through training of their will, to a degree which depends upon their hereditary constitution, giving them access to an extraordinary force that can be controlled at will. The powers of the will include the ability to heal, change, and destroy beings and things; the destructive powers in particular are awesomely powerful, allowing a few young Vril-ya children to wipe out entire cities if necessary. It is also suggested that the Vril-ya are fully telepathic.
The narrator states that in time, the Vril-ya will run out of habitable spaces underground and start claiming the surface of the Earth, destroying mankind in the process, if necessary.
The uses of Vril in the novel amongst the Vril-ya vary from destruction to healing. According to Zee, the daughter of the narrator's host, Vril can be changed into the mightiest agency over all types of matter, both animate and inanimate. It can destroy like lightning or replenish life, heal, or cure. It is used to rend ways through solid matter. Its light is said to be steadier, softer and healthier than that from any flammable material. It can also be used as a power source for animating mechanisms. Vril can be harnessed by use of the Vril staff or mental concentration.
A Vril staff is an object in the shape of a wand or a staff which is used as a channel for Vril. The narrator describes it as hollow with "stops", "keys", or "springs" in which Vril can be altered, modified, or directed to either destroy or heal. The staff is about the size of a walking stick but can be lengthened or shortened according to the user's preferences. The appearance and function of the Vril staff differs according to gender, age, etc. Some staves are more potent for destruction; others, for healing. The staves of children are said to be much simpler than those of sages; in those of wives and mothers, the destructive part is removed while the healing aspects are emphasised.
1755: En resa till världen i centrum av jorden: ger ett konto över invånarnas människors, tullar, lagar, regeringar och religioner, deras personer och vanor beskriven ...: som introduceras, en invånares historia , en anonym broschyr som publicerades 1755; en förkortad utskrift från 1802 med titeln Bruce's Voyage till Neapel och resa upp Mount Vesuvius , finns på Google Böcker . Det är sagan om en besökare på en utopisk civilisation som bor i en 1000 mil lång jord i jorden. Från Bleilers recension:
The humans are longhaired, bearded, and to some extent can read minds and character. They live to extreme old age, two hundred years not being unusual.
Från Google Books-skanningen s. 11:
"Know, O son of earth! that thou art not the first, by many, that chance has thrown upon our globe, neither is it impossible for us to visit your world: that god whom we truly adore has blessed us with those gifts that you are strangers to. We can, when we please, transport ourselves to your regions; and what surpasses even that, we have the gift of knowing the thoughts of those we converse with. By this means we are much better acquainted with your earthly brethren than you are yourselves, who can judge only by appearances. Often do you clasp that man to your bosom as a friend, who at the same time is your greatest enemy, and only professes friendship, while you have wherewithal to make him welcome; but when that fails, he will not only desert you, but leave you to starve in a dungeon, and pretend he never heard your name. These things, and worse, are common in your world: I have often made an excursion thither myself; and having the gifts I before mentioned, have seen things greatly unworthy of those beings that are, like ourselves, made after the image of our creator. Perhaps at a proper time I may tell you some particulars, but for the present we will confine ourselves to what relates to the world we are now upon, and which is in the centre of your globe."
Från s. 33-34, kanske en förekomst av telepati i aktion:
I rose the next morning as soon as it was light and strolled about the town till breakfast-time; and when I came home, my landlady perceiving the perturbation of my mind, took every method in her power to alleviate my anxiety.